Enteral nutrition support plays a key role in minimizing malnutrition in critically-ill patients, and its provision is originally a nurse's responsibility. Thus, nurses need to have a sufficient knowledge and a positive attitude with regard to enteral nutrition. In Palestine, literature regarding nurses' knowledge, practices, and attitudes of enteral nutrition is rare.
This study aimed to investigate Palestinian nurses' knowledge, practices, and attitudes regarding enteral nutrition.
Interview based pre-tested questionnaire was used during data collection procedure. Cronbach Alpha was also used to determine the reliability of knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, independent t-test, and ANOVA were performed.
A total of 325 registered nurses were involved in the final analysis. The mean of the knowledge score is (9.6 ± 2.8) out of 20. It was confirmed that sociodemographic characteristics has no influence on nutrition knowledge score among nurses. The findings also reveal that certain aspects of enteral nutrition practices were consistent with the current guidelines such as flushing the tube and backrest elevation. On the other hand, certain practices showed inconsistency and differences with international guidelines such as checking gastric residual volume. Results also showed that nurses attitudes were positive towards enteral nutrition.
It was found that nurses' have inadequate knowledge regarding enteral nutrition. The findings also showed that enteral nutrition practices among nurses were somewhat incongruent with best current evidence. However, it was noted that they have positive attitudes towards enteral nutrition. Promoting research utilization is highly needed as well as establishing evidence-based guidelines.