Strategies to enhance solar conversion in metal-chalcogenide thin film electrodes by charge transfer catalysis
Publication Type
Conference Paper

Metal chalcogenide nanofilm electrodes MX (M=Cd, Cu or others; X=S, Se or Te) are investigated in photoelectrochemical (PEC) as replacement for the more-costly p-n photovoltaic junctions. However, such electrodes are unstable and yield low conversion efficiency [1, 2]. One major shortcoming is the slow charge transfer at the solid electrode/liquid interface. We developed simple strategies to enhance both stability and conversion efficiency for such electrodes. Attachment of electro-active species, embedded inside polymeric matrices, to the surface of the electrode permanently affects its photo-electrochemical (PEC) properties. The electro-active species behaves as charge transfer catalyst across the solid/liquid junction. This increases the charge (holes or electrons depending on the type of the SC) transfer rate between the electrode and the redox couple. The SC electrode can thus be stabilized to photo-degradation.  The strategy has been effective for various nano-film electrodes (CuS, CuSe, CdSe, CdTe and others). Conversion efficiency is enhanced from ~1.0% to above 10%.  Careful pre-annealing the electrodes, before coating, and controlled cooling rate, give extra enhancement in PEC characteristics [3].  Pre-annealed electrodes, coated with electroactive metalloporphyrin materials inside polymer matrices, yield >18.0% conversion efficiency [3-5]. The values are higher than US DOE expectation in the time, and have not been reported earlier for metal chalcogenide film electrodes. This presentation will show a critical survey of our results observed throughout the last 20 years, as compared to literature. Our new model proposed for the efficiency and stability enhancement will also be rigorously presented.  Future prospects of this work will also be discussed.

Keywords: Semiconductors; Thin Film Electrodes; Conversion Efficiency; Stability; Charge Transfer Catalysis.


References: The results are based on student works shown in the references below:

  1. H. S. Hilal, A. Zyoud, M. H. S. Helal, H. Bsharat, H. H. Hilal and A. Cheknane, Solar Energy, 183, 704 (2019).
  2. H. S. Hilal, A.  Zyoud, M.  H.S. Hilal1 and H.  Bsharat, Review, Solar Energy, 197 (2020) 443-454
  3. A. Zyoud, S. Abu-Alrob, T. W. Kim, H-J. Choi, M. H. S. Hilal, H. Bsharat, H. S. Hilal, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, 107, 104852 (2020).
  4. A. Zyoud, R. S. AlKerm, R. S. Alkerm, D. H. Abdelhadi, D-H. Park, M. H. S. Helal, G. Campet, R. W. Muthaffar, H. Kwon and H. S. Hilal, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 144, 429 (2016).
  5. A. Zyoud, R. S. Al-Kerm, R. Al-Kerm, W. Mansur, M. H. S. Helal, D-H. Park, N. Sabli and H. S. Hilal, Electrochimica Acta, 174, 472 (2015).





Conference Title
The Fourth International Conference on Basic and Applied Sciences (ICBAS IV) and The First Scientific Symposium on COVID 19 Pandemic March 9th - 10th , 2022 Gaza - Palestine
Conference Country
Conference Date
March 9, 2022 - March 10, 2022
Conference Sponsor
Azhar University-Gaza
Additional Info
Conference Website