Green Approach to Corrosion Inhibition of Carbon Steel by Fucus spiralis extract in 1 M HCl Medium
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Original research

Abstract: The extract of Fucus spiralis (FS) was tested as a corrosion inhibitor of carbon steel in a 1M HCl medium. The anti-corrosion properties were analyzed by gravimetric and electrochemical techniques such as potentiodynamic polarization (PDP) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The surface characterization of carbon steel submerged in the optimal solution was carried out using UV-Visible, UV-Vis-NIR, and Optical microscopy analyses. Electrochemical and gravimetric results demonstrated that inhibitory efficiencies increase with increasing inhibitor concentration and the efficiency reaches 87% at a concentration of 0.5 g/L. According to Tafel extrapolated polarisation measurements, the FS also worked as a mixed-type corrosion inhibitor and changed the mechanism of anodic reactions. EIS analysis showed that a depressed capacitive loop dominates the Nyquist plot of impedance and enhances the polarization resistance (Rp) to 161.9 Ω cm2 with a reduction of the double layer capacity (Cdl) of carbon steel to 61.8 μF/cm2 . This protection is assured by an adsorption mechanism based on the isothermal Langmuir adsorption model, which positively affects the thermodynamic parameters. UV-Visible, UV-Vis-NIR analyses exhibited that inhibitor decreases the iron oxides like hematite, Magnetite, and Goethite, Maghemite, Lepidocrocite, δ-FeOOH of the metal surface and delays the dissolution of the bare metal of iron to the ferrous ions, notably that optical morphology showed that FS extract decreases the aggressivity of HCl.

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